Communion Scraps and Scrapes
 What Do We Believe?
Jackson Snyder  April 3, 2003 : August 3, 2005


Would it surprise you to learn that you comprise the remnant of Israel – the “lost tribes”?


The Supper isn’t just a “New Testament” practice.  It’s an extension of the weeklong Feast of Unleavened Bread described in Exodus and observed the world over.  The first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread is called Passover.  Yahweh tells us, “You will keep that day, generation after generation; this is a decree for all time.”  “Generation after generation” means forever.  “All time” means “our time.”

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This Holy Mystery: A United Methodist Understanding of Holy Communion

Early Christians and the Real Presence
Bypass Scripture – Go directly to Message



Codex Sinaiticus

New Testament:

from the famed discovery


The earliest, oldest New Testament text has finally been released to the public.  You may read the Codex Sinaiticus online - but only if you know Greek!  To read it inCodex Sinaiticus New Testament H T Anderson English English, you need the only English translation we know.  The H. T. Anderson English Translation of the Codex Sinaiticus, with the three extra early New Testament books and the Sonnini Manuscript of Acts 29 included, and the original absences of certain verses (put in there later by the 'church') is now available only at here.  

THIS IS NOT A CHEAP, SCANNED-IN FACSIMILE. This is a first edition of the text published in easy-to-read Georgia font with plenty of room between verses for your notes.2 points between verses, hard or soft cover.


The Nazarene Acts
of the Apostles

Also known as
The Recognitions of Clement

Ever wonder why PAUL and not PETER received the mission to the lost tribes?  Wasn't Peter the stone upon which the "church" was to be built?  In this new translation of the Nazarene Acts, we follow Kefa (Peter) as he itinerates from Jerusalem and up the Mediterranean coast up to Tripoli, as recorded in the journals of his successor, Clement of Rome (Phi 4:3).  Every message Kefa preached, the company he kept, and the great works of faith the the Almighty accomplished through him are herein recorded.  This 300 page volume has been 'hidden' in the back of an obscure volume of the "Church Fathers" all this time.  Could it be that, in establishing the Gentile 'church' by pushing away from Judaism, this history was purposely hidden?

Matthew 26:17-19, 26-29  (These are Holy Wednesday readings)


Communion with the Friends of God: Meditations and Prayers from Women MysticsJohn 6:1. After this, Yahshua crossed the Sea of Galilee, or of Tiberias, 2. and a large crowd followed him, impressed by the signs he had done in curing the sick. 3. Yahshua climbed the hillside and sat down there with his disciples. 4. The time of the Jewish Passover was near.  5. Looking up, Yahshua saw the crowds approaching and said to Philip, “Where can we buy some bread for these people to eat?” 6. He said this only to put Philip to the test; he himself knew exactly what he was going to do. 7. Philip answered, “Two hundred denarii would not buy enough to give them a little piece each.” 8. One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, said, 9. “Here is a small boy with five barley loaves and two fish; but what is that among so many?” 10. Yahshua said to them, “Make the people sit down.” There was plenty of grass there, and as many as five thousand men sat down. 11. Then Yahshua took the loaves, gave thanks, and distributed them to those who were sitting there; he then did the same with the fish, distributing as much as they wanted. 12. When they had eaten enough he said to the disciples, “Pick up the pieces left over, so that nothing is wasted.” 13. So they picked them up and filled twelve large baskets with scraps left over from the meal of five barley loaves. 14. Seeing the sign that he had done, the people said, “This is indeed the prophet who is to come into the world.” 15. Yahshua, as he realized they were about to come and take him by force and make him king, fled back to the hills alone.  (NJB)


Literal: Yochanan 6:1  After these things, Yahshua went away, across the Sea of the Galil (the Tiberias), 2 and a great crowd followed him for they saw the signs that he did on the infirm[1]; 3 and Yahshua went up into the mountain and sat with his students.  4 And it was nigh unto Pascha, the Festival of the Jews.

   5 So Yahshua, lifting the eyes and observing that a great crowd is coming toward him, he says to Philip, Where can we buy loaves[2] so that these may eat?  6 And he said this, trying[3] him, for he already knew what he was about to do.

   7 Philip answered him, Loaves worth two hundred denarii[4] are not enough for them all that each may have but a little.

   8 One of his students, Adam[5], the brother of Shimón (a Rock) says, 9 There is a youth here who has five barley loaves and two fish, but what is (sic) these into so great a crowd.

   10 Yahshua said, Make the people[6] to lie down[7].

   Now there was much grass in the place.  So the people, the number of them about five thousand, laid themselves down.  11 So Yahshua took the loaves and, having given thanks[8], gave them out to the ones lying down – same also of the fish – as much as they wished.  12 And when they were filled[9], he tells his students, Gather together[10] the scraps left over so that nothing is lost.  13 So they gathered and filled twelve baskets of scraps of the five barley loaves that were left over from those who had eaten.


Celebrating Biblical Feasts in your home or churchExodus 12:1,15-20 1. Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt, 15. For seven days you must eat unleavened bread. On the first day you must clean the leaven out of your houses, for anyone who eats leavened bread from the first to the seventh day must be outlawed from Israel. 16. On the first day you must hold a sacred assembly, and on the seventh day a sacred assembly. On those days no work may be done; you will prepare only what each requires to eat. 17. You must keep the feast of Unleavened Bread because it was on that same day that I brought your armies out of Egypt. You will keep that day, generation after generation; this is a decree for all time. 18. In the first month, from the evening of the fourteenth day until the evening of the twenty-first day, you must eat unleavened bread. 19. For seven days there may be no leaven in your houses, since anyone, either stranger or citizen of the country, who eats leavened bread will be outlawed from the community of Israel. 20. You will eat nothing with leaven in it; wherever you live, you will eat unleavened bread.’”  (NJB)


Proverbs 9:1-6 1. Wisdom has built herself a house, she has hewn her seven pillars, 2. she has slaughtered her beasts, drawn her wine, she has laid her table.  3. She has dispatched her maidservants and proclaimed from the heights above the city, 4. “Who is simple? Let him come this way.”  To the fool she says, 5. “Come and eat my bread, drink the wine which I have drawn! 6. Leave foolishness behind and you will live, go forwards in the ways of perception.”


Psalm 75 responsive

We give thanks to you, Father, we give thanks to you,

as we call upon your name, as we recount your wonders.

“At the appointed time I myself shall dispense justice. The earth quakes and all its inhabitants; it is I who hold its pillars firm.”

“I said to the boastful, ‘Do not boast!’ to the wicked, ‘Do not flaunt your strength! Do not flaunt your strength so proudly, do not talk with that arrogant stance.’”

No longer from east to west, no longer in the mountainous desert, is Elohim judging in uprightness, bringing some down, raising others.

Yahweh is holding a cup filled with a heady blend of wine; he will pour it, they will drink it to the dregs, all the wicked on earth will drink it.

But I shall speak out for ever, shall make music for the God of Jacob.

I shall break down all the strength of the wicked, and the strength of the upright will rise high.


Eucharist – Early Believers and the Real Presence
Melissa Aman - BellaOnline

The doctrine of the Real Presence in the Eucharist has been around since the very beginning of the church. For the first several hundred years of Christianity the Real Presence was understood. It was taken for granted. It wasn't questioned. The early Christians didn't doubt Christ's true presence in the Eucharist. Quite the contrary.

Here are a few quotes from some of those earliest Christians affirming this most important doctrine of our faith.

Paul (1 Cor 10:15-16)

"I speak to sensible people; judge for yourselves what I say. Is not the cup of thanksgiving for which we give thanks a participation in the blood of Christ? And is not the bread that we break a participation in the body of Christ?"

St. Ignatius of Antioch, (c. 110 A.D.)

"Consider how contrary to the mind of God are the heterodox in regard to the grace of God which has come to us. They have no regard for charity, none for the widow, the orphan, the oppressed, none for the man in prison, the hungry or the thirsty. They abstain from the Eucharist and from prayer, because they do not admit that the Eucharist is the flesh of our Savior Jesus Christ, the flesh which suffered for our sins and which the Father, in His graciousness, raised from the dead." (Letter to the Smyrnaeans)

"I have no taste for the food that perishes nor for the pleasures of this life. I want the Bread of God which is the Flesh of Christ, who was the seed of David; and for drink I desire His Blood which is love that cannot be destroyed." (Letter to the Romans)

St. Justin Martyr (c. 100 - 165 A.D.)

"This food we call the Eucharist, of which no one is allowed to partake except one who believes that the things we teach are true, and has received the washing for forgiveness of sins and for rebirth, and who lives as Christ handed down to us. For we do not receive these things as common bread or common drink; but as Jesus Christ our Savior being incarnate by God's Word took flesh and blood for our salvation, so also we have been taught that the food consecrated by the Word of prayer which comes from him, from which our flesh and blood are nourished by transformation, is the flesh and blood of that incarnate Jesus." (First Apology, 66)

St. Clement of Alexandria (c. 150 - 216 A.D.)

"The Word is everything to a child: both Father and Mother, both Instructor and Nurse. 'Eat My Flesh,' He says, 'and drink My Blood.' The Lord supplies us with these intimate nutrients. He delivers over His Flesh, and pours out His Blood; and nothing is lacking for the growth of His children. O incredible mystery!" (Instructor of Children)

St. Basil the Great (c. 330 - 379 A.D.)

"What is the mark of a Christian? That he be purified of all defilement of the flesh and of the spirit in the Blood of Christ, perfecting sanctification in the fear of God and the love of Christ, and that he have no blemish nor spot nor any such thing; that he be holy and blameless and so eat the Body of Christ and drink His Blood; for 'he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh judgement to himself.' What is the mark of those who eat the Bread and drink the Cup of Christ? That they keep in perpetual remembrance Him who died for us and rose again." (The Morals, 22)

St. Gregory of Nyssa (c. 335 - 394 A.D.)

"The bread is at first common bread; but when the mystery sanctifies it, it is called and actually becomes the Body of Christ." (Orations and Sermons)

St. Jerome (c. 347 - 420 A.D.)

"After the type had been fulfilled by the Passover celebration and He had eaten the flesh of the lamb with His Apostles, He takes bread which strengthens the heart of man, and goes on to the true Sacrament of the Passover, so that just as Melchisedech, the priest of the Most High God, in prefiguring Him, made bread and wine an offering, He too makes Himself manifest in the reality of His own Body and Blood." (Commentaries on the Gospel of Matthew 4:26:26)

St. Augustine (c. 354 - 430 A.D.)

"You ought to know what you have received, what you are going to receive, and what you ought to receive daily. That Bread which you see on the altar, having been sanctified by the word of God, is the Body of Christ. The chalice, or rather, what is in that chalice, having been sanctified by the word of God, is the Blood of Christ." (Sermons 227)

St. Leo the Great (461 A.D.)

"When the Lord says: 'Unless you shall have eaten the flesh of the Son of Man and shall have drunk His blood, you shall not have life in you,' you ought to so communicate at the Sacred Table that you have no doubt whatever of the truth of the Body and the Blood of Christ. For that which is taken in the mouth is what is believed in faith; and in do those respond, 'Amen,' who argue against that which is received."

The Lørd’s Supper

   As is our custom on the first Sunday of each month, today we’ll share The Lørd’s Supper with our Savior and the saints of all ages.  The Supper’s one of the most important acts of worship in our faith.  Nowadays the preaching of the Word is the high point of the service, but this has only recently been the case.  Previously, the Supper was celebrated in every worship service and everything else was subordinated to it.  The profundity, mystery and benefit of the Supper, when it’s served and consumed in faith, goes far beyond mere preaching and singing – unto presence and promise.


Keep the Feast

   The Supper isn’t just a “New Testament” practice.  It’s an extension of the weeklong Feast of Unleavened Bread described in Exodus and observed the world over {at this time of year}.  The first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread is called Passover.  Yahweh tells us,

Exodus 12:17. You must keep the feast of Unleavened Bread because it was on that day that I brought your hosts out of Egypt. You will keep that day, generation after generation; this is a decree for all time. 

   “Generation after generation” means forever.  “All time” means “our time.”  Why unleavened bread (i.e. without yeast)?  Because the Israelites left Egypt so suddenly that they had no time to yeast the dough for their daily bread (Exodus 12:39).  So eating the Feast is a reliving of the Israelites’ hasty departure and a reminder for us to be ready to go at any time. 

   Yeasts are living organisms.  They multiply and multiply, and the waste products left in dough or grape juice causes rising in the bread and fermenting in the juice.  Yeast is a ‘type’ of sin; specifically, that of insincerity.  As a prelude to the Feast of Unleavened Bread, worshipers seek to remove anything containing yeast from their homes beforehand, in obedience to the commandment of Exodus 12:15: “on the first day you must clean out the yeast!”

   Yahshua explains, “A little yeast yeasts the whole enchilada.”  In other words, small sin-creatures grow to pollute the entire person over time. 

   So the Supper is an amplification of the Feast of Unleavened Bread.  Paul the Apostle also makes this connection when he says,

1 Corinthians 5:6-8 Throw out the old yeast so that you can be the fresh dough, unleavened as you are.  For our Passover has been sacrificed, that is, Messiah; let us keep the feast with none of the old yeast of evil and wickedness, but only the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

   We are to keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread according to Paul, and we do whenever we partake of the Communion elements in sincerity.  We prepare our temples beforehand by gathering up the fragments of yeast and casting them out (a type of the dispersion).  Many or most come forward to the Supper completely unprepared for the supernatural power available through it.  And thus they get nothing out of it, except trouble. 

   1 Corinthians 11:28 warns the communicant: 

Everyone is to examine himself and only then eat of the bread or drink from the cup; 29. because a person who eats and drinks without recognizing the body is eating and drinking his own condemnation. 30. That is why many of you are weak and ill and a good number have died.

When was the last time you heard a sermon preached on this – that “a good number” have died on account of not recognizing the body in the Communion?  Can this be possible?


The Bread from Heaven, The Lamb of G-d

   Well look: Yahshua said something very controversial about bread that lost him many friends.  He said,

John 6:51,53. I am the living bread that has come down from heaven.  Anyone who eats this bread will live forever; and the bread I shall give is my flesh for the life of the world.  If you do not eat the flesh of the Son of Man you have no life in you.

He says his flesh is bread and instructs us that if we don’t eat him, we can’t live.  That’s the body we’re to recognize.  It’s very controversial, and not many Christians actually believe it, even though what he’s saying is very, very clear.

   We find him reiterating this when he institutes the Supper.

Matthew 26:26. As they were eating, Yahshua took bread, and when he had said the blessing he broke it and gave it to the disciples. He said, “Take it and eat; this is my body.”

Being himself perfect in righteousness and sinless, Yahshua became the final Passover lamb, the Lamb of G-d, sent to earth by his Father to be sacrificed for our sins, once and for all.  He blesses the bread and proclaims the bread to be his sacrificed body.  That’s why we don’t eat lamb at communion; he is the lamb first, then he is the bread; Yahshua, the Lamb and the Bread are all the same.  The prophet didn’t say, “Behold, he’s like the Lamb,” but

There is the Lamb(John 1:36).

And Yahshua didn’t say of the blessed bread, “this represents my body,” but,

“This is my body” (Matthew 26:26).

If we partake of the bread of his body in the faith of his plain speaking, and if we strive daily to become him, if we cast out the yeast, then we’ll avoid the strict judgment set aside for the disobedient, we’ll bypass the second death, and enter into active eternal life through and with him. 


Of the Bread

   This brings us to a definitive Biblical understanding of the Supper’s bread.  The bread’s to be unleavened, blessed as and eaten as the very body of Yahshua.  This is why I use this (wafer) in Supper (show a Communion wafer) and not Wonder Bread, a stale hot dog bun or a Kaiser roll. 

   This wafer is fine wheat bread.  There’s nothing in it but wheat and water: no yeast, oil or additives.  It’s made special and consecrated for service exclusively for our Feast.  It’s not used for anything else.  You can’t make a ham sandwich out of it.  When this bread’s blessed and eaten in faith, it becomes for us the body of Yahshua in a spiritual yet very real sense. 

   Do you know that there’s a physical reality and there’s a spiritual reality?  Scientists agree with the Bible about multi-dimensional reality, though often unseen, is just as tangible (if not more so) than what we see with our eyes. With our limited wits, this bread doesn’t seem to change; it doesn’t make cannibals of us.  But in the spiritual realm, in the dimension of Heaven, it becomes flesh; the perfect body of our Master –

once wounded for our rebellions, once crushed because of our guilt; once punished for our healing (Isaiah 53:5).


Of the Wine

   So what of the wine: Well, if the Supper is an extension of the Feast of Unleavened Bread and Passover, we may look to that and learn.  You might’ve noticed that when Yahshua keeps the Feast, there are two cups of wine drunk – one before the bread and one after.  The last cup is for Elijah, in hopes that he’ll enter in through the open door with Messiah following at his heels. 

   The prophetic meaning of the second draught, the Elijah Cup, was fulfilled when Yahshua came as a babe.  It will again be fulfilled at his return – a frightful event that’ll surely pass in our generation.  Are you prepared to stand before him?  (Discursion: Did Yahshua use wine or grape juice?[11])
   As the bread is the Savior’s body, he also tells us that the “wine” is his blood.  So the supernatural metamorphoses also happens with the wine.  Yahshua goes further to say that the wine is “the New Covenant in my blood.”  The New Covenant is prophesied in

Jeremiah 31:31-34 excerpts The days are coming, Yahweh declares, when I shall make a new covenant with the Houses of Israel and Judah.  I shall plant my Law within them, writing it on their hearts. There will be no further need for everyone to say, ‘Know Yahweh!’ For they will all know me, from the least to the greatest, since I shall forgive their guilt and never more call their sin to mind.”

   Those days have come since the evil in man spilt Yahshua’s precious blood.  The two houses of Israel, i.e. Israel and Judah, are coming together through Messiah.  This is the prophetic meaning of the feeding of five thousand.  The twelve baskets of “remnants” collected after the supper stand for the twelve scattered tribes of Israel, whom Yahweh promised would be regathered and united in our time.  Furthermore, the promise is that those gathered as scraps of left-over bread will once again be taught the Father’s name.

   Isaiah 52:4. For the Sovereign Yahweh says this,

“5. Now what is to be done since my people have been carried off for nothing, their masters howl in triumph and my name is held in contempt all day, every day? 6. Because of this my people will know my name, because of this they will know when the day comes, that it is I saying, Here I am!”

   Who are these remnants – those who Yahweh calls “my people”?  Would it surprise you to learn that you are the remnant of Israel – the “lost tribes”?  Consider the names you’ve carried for a thousand generations.  As I scan the church directory, I see Hebrew names one after the other.  And haven’t you Hebrews made a covenant with the Heavenly Father through his Son?  Even if you’re not Hebrew, you’ve come into covenant by your own free will – you’re promised an even greater inheritance than sons (Isaiah 56:6,7).

   And where are the remnants to be gathered?  Scripture and local geography make it clear that one gathering place is right here.  Have you ever considered what your names mean, also the place names hereabouts? Would you like to know where you came from in the last four thousand years and where you’re going in the next thousand?  This information is readily available to you if you want to know.  If your roots and future are important enough to you that you’re willing to dig for the truth, then maybe you’re one who can understand why knowing your Father’s name is so controversial and yet now so essential.  Everyone these days knows of Allah, but how many believers accept their own heavenly Father’s name?

   He invented the New Covenant in Yahshua’s blood for your protection.  Father Yahweh promises to plant his Law within the gathered pieces, writing it upon hearts, so that we may remain unmolested and in peace.  Prophets no longer admonish you to “know Yahweh,” for in our day, “all will know him, from the least to the greatest.”  And now you do know.  When we as a body partake of his body and blood, we’re declaring Yahshua’s New Covenant and Yahweh’s Heavenly Kingdom, the New Jerusalem, until the Return of the King is made public.

   Friend, you’re in a very privileged position as a consecrated citizen of Kingdom Come.



   Bread as body and wine as blood is also stated plainly in the United Methodist Book of Disciple.  It says, 

The Supper … is not only a sign of the love that Christians ought to have among themselves, but rather is a sacrament of our redemption by Christ’s death; insomuch that, to such as rightly, worthily, and with faith receive [it], the bread which we break is a partaking of the body of Christ.

This language was drafted in 1808 and hasn’t changed in 200 years.  It makes us clear that this Supper is not merely a sign or symbol or memorial.  Instead, it’s a sacrament: something we do in faith in the physical realm that elicits greater, more abundant favor, from heaven; something we do in the natural that causes something to be done in the supernatural.  And that’s what’s meant when we say it’s a sacrament – partaking in faith is a sure means of receiving greater favor.  ¿And don’t we, the lost children of Israel, need greater favor in these unfavorable years of fulfilled prophecy?  Yes, we do; and we will right up until we’re gathered in with saints of all ages.


No Difference

   Finally, most church folks can’t see any difference between Methodists and the next bunch; but there’re great and important differences regarding. 

   Methodists are Episcopals.  “Episcopal” means that a Bishop (episkopoV) provides oversight, just as it’s written in the New Testament. Our Episco-pal, the Bishop, has asked that we distinguish our beliefs and the Methodist Way from the rest of the pack.  Why?  Because we believe we hold the higher truth, and we strive to make in available to all.

   Our understanding of the Supper as a partaking of the body of Yahshua in a literal sense, is just one of the great, Scriptural truths that distinguish us.  Others take communion as only a remembrance, but we take his words literally.  Others commune out of duty, and that’s commendable.  But we do it in faith, believing the literal truth of his words (this is my body, this is my blood), and therefore we’re promised greater favor than they: favor for rescue, for restoration, for regeneration, for sanctification, for healing, for life, for deliverance, for perfection. 

   Whatever you need, he’ll provide it supernaturally if you’ll approach his table with repentance, faith and a pure, yeast-free heart.


The End

   Since we have such a lofty and literal understanding of our Master’s Supper, we’re all the more interested in preparing it prayerfully and with care, and using the ingredients and blessings he prescribes for it.  Prepare with prayer and fasting! This is why we gather with heart-felt repentance and rededicate our lives afresh every time we approach his blessed table.  Let us now avail ourselves of the incomparable privilege – let’s approach the throne of favor and receive our daily bread.


The Lørd’s Supper

based on the older version


Let us pray: Almighty heavenly Father, who mercifully gave your only Son Yahshua Messiah to suffer death for our redemption, a perfect sacrifice for the sins of the whole world, who commanded us to continue a memorial of his death until his return: Hear us. Sanctify these gifts of bread and wine that we may partake of his divine nature. Amen.


Minister: On the night he was betrayed, he took bread; gave thanks, broke it and gave it to his disciples, saying, “Take, eat; this is my body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of me.”  {The bread is lifted, broken and held in up for a moment, then returned.}


Minister: After supper he took the cup; gave thanks, and offered it to them, saying, “Drink this; it is my blood of the New Covenant, which is shed for you and for many for the forgiveness of sins; do this in remembrance of me.”  {The cup is likewise lifted and returned.}


Let us pray: Heavenly Father, we desire your goodness to accept our sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving, asking you to grant that we may be forgiven of our sins and receive all other benefits of his passion, by the merits and death of your Son Yahshua Christ, through faith in his blood,

   We offer to you our souls and bodies as a reasonable and holy sacrifice, humbly asking that we who partake may be filled with your grace and approval.

   And though, because of our many sins, we are unworthy to offer you any sacrifice, yet we ask you to accept this our duty and service, not weighing our merits, but pardoning our offenses.

    Father Yahweh, allow us to partake of this Sacrament of thy Son Yahshua Christ, that we may walk in newness of life, may grow into his likeness, and may evermore dwell in him, and he in us.


Agnus Dei

O Lamb of Yah, who taketh away the sins of the world, have mercy upon us.

O Lamb of Yah, who taketh away the sins of the world, have mercy upon us.

O Lamb of Yah, who taketh away the sins of the world, receive our prayer.


{Other prayers of thanksgiving, petition or healing may here be said.}


All this through Yahshua Messiah our Master, by whom, and with whom in the unity of the Holy Spirit, all honor and glory be yours, O Father Almighty, world without end. Amen.


{Here the elements are received; then the benediction is pronounced.}


Eucharist According To The Didache
(or, The Teaching of the Twelve)
An Apostolic Manual of Discipline

We thank you, holy Father, for your holy name Yahweh that you have caused to dwell in our hearts, and for the knowledge and faith and immortality that you have made known unto us through Yahshua your Son; to you be admiration forever.

   You, Almighty Master, created all things for the sake of your Name, and have given both meat and drink for us to enjoy that we might give thanks to you; but to us you have also given spiritual meat and drink and everlasting life through your beloved Son.  Above all, we thank you that you are able to save: to you be respect forever.

   Remember, O Master, your Congregation, to redeem this remnant from every evil, and to perfect all in it by your love, and gather it together from the four winds, even that which has been sanctified for your kingdom you prepared for it; for yours is the kingdom and the admiration for ever.

   Let favor come then let this world pass away.  Hosanna to the Son of David.  If any one is holy let him come to the Eucharist; if any one is not, let him repent. Maranatha. Amen.

   First, concerning the cup: We thank you, our Father, for the holy vine, David your Son, who you have made known unto us through Yahshua the Anointed One, your Son; to you be the glory for ever.

   Then concerning the broken bread: We thank you, our Father, for the life and knowledge that you have made known to us through Yahshua your Son; to you be the glory forever.

   As this broken bread was once scattered upon the mountains, and after it had been brought together became one, so may your Congregation be gathered together from the ends of the earth unto thy kingdom; for thine is the glory, and the power, through Yahshua Messiah, for ever.

[1] asthenountón – infirm, sick, weak.

[2] artous – loaves, bread, baked food made from flour and water.

[3] peirazón – try, test, prove.

[4] denarius – worth ten asses in 200 BC, 16 asses in 100 BC.  A derivative word is penny.

[5] Adamandreas – Andrew – “a man.”

[6] anthropousmen, i.e. people.

[7] lie downanapeseinrecline to eat, but with a double meaning, for to lie down was also a position of praise and worship as per Nehemiah 8:6.

[8] given thankseucharistésas.

[9] filledeneplésthésav.

[10] gather togethersunagagete.

[11] One of the questions that often comes up is, “Did Yahshua drink wine or grape juice at the Feast of Unleavened Bread and Passover, and did he institute the Lord’s Supper using wine or juice?  There’s been heated debate about that, but it’s really a simple matter.  There were no refrigerators in 30 AD.  Passover is in the springtime.  Where would someone get unfermented grape juice then?  There is also the Scriptural evidence.  The Bible word oinoV clearly means wine. 

   On the other hand, the Dead Sea Scrolls talk about ceremonial meals using grape juice in season.  So it seems there’s no prohibition against with wine or juice in the Supper.  But the Scripture clearly says “wine.”

   Our denomination served the Supper at every service with fermented wine up until the late 19th century.  A Methodist dentist in New Jersey, who was also a Communion steward, invented a way to pasteurize fresh grape juice so his church could use it year round.  Since Methodists led the Christian Temperance Union, Welch’s caught on.  Who invented the grape juice Communion?  Dr. Thomas Bramwell Welch; and the name of his product was Dr. Welch’s Grape Juice.

   Recently, for the sake of Ecumenicism, United Methodists may use leavened or unleavened bread; fermented or unfermented wine.